Sydney and Melbourne house prices will be growing at more than 12 per cent per annum by the middle of next year, one of the nation’s largest banks has forecast as the Reserve Bank talks up the chances of the economy recovering in 2020.
Economists with the ANZ believe a change in sentiment along with cuts in interest rates and the federal government’s income tax reductions will super-charge Sydney and Melbourne to a point they will effectively wipe out the price falls recorded between 2017 and early this year.
Sydney dwelling prices rose by 75 per cent between 2012 and 2017 while over the same period they increased by 58 per cent in Melbourne. They then fell 15 per cent and 11 per cent respectively until June.
ANZ believes that by the end of this year, Sydney and Melbourne prices will be up by 3 per cent. By the middle of next year, they will be growing at an annual rate of 12 per cent and 13 per cent respectively.
By year’s end, a combination of tighter credit and improved supply will mean price growth will come back a little but will still be 7 per cent in Sydney and 9 per cent in Melbourne.
ANZ senior economist Felicity Emmett said the property markets of the two cities were re-bounding much quicker than expected.
“Auction clearance rates bottomed out in December and have been rising since. But the improvement became much more marked from May onwards,” she said.
“The change in sentiment was driven by the combination of lower rates, easier access to credit, and increased certainty around housing taxation. Together, these factors have helped to shift sentiment from one of pervasive negativity to broad optimism.”
The Reserve Bank restarted interest rate cuts on June 5. Since then, dwelling values as measured by CoreLogic have increased by 7.2 per cent in Sydney and 7 per cent in Melbourne.
The lift in prices, however, will come at a longer-term cost with household debt levels likely to increase while affordability will fall.
A slight fall in the September unemployment rate has forced markets into pushing back expectations of another interest rate cut.
RBA Governor Philip Lowe, speaking in the United States on Friday, suggested taking rates any lower would fail to deliver major economic benefits and probably feed into prices for assets like housing.
“In my view we’re now clearly in the world of diminishing returns to monetary easing,” he said.
“If that’s right, then the solution to the problem lies elsewhere. That’s creating an environment that encourages investments.”
“Without progress on this front, the main effect of lower interest rates is to push up the price of existing assets, rather than encouraging investments in new assets, which is what’s needed.”
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